Composting is a way to convert organic, biodegradable waste into content which is rich in nutrients and can be used in the soil. That soil which has an abundance of nutrients can be used to grow plants organically. People associate the idea of composting to smelly garbage pile, but for a gardener who cares for his plants, compost means organic manure which will keep plants healthy and gives organic produce. Read this post to know more about composting and its benefits to your garden and nature.
Adding compost to your soil works wonders on your plants, clayey soil which is thickly bound to each other can loosen and sandy soil can hold more water. When added to land, it becomes more fertile and keeps the plants healthy. Compost is done by piling up food waste; these contain microorganisms that promote healthy plants. Moreover, due to the presence of organisms, there is a natural production of potassium, phosphorus and Nitrogen which helps in improving the soil condition.
Benefits of composting
Improves the quality of soil:
When you use compost to a ground which is poor in nutrients, these help to regenerate the soil. Food waste contains microorganisms, when these are broken down it creates humus. Humus helps in retaining water and also increases the nutrients in the ground. When compost is used, the food that you grow in the soil is full of nutrition and is healthy to eat than those laden with fertilizers that have chemicals.
A decrease in greenhouse gases
Landfills contain a lot of garbage, and food waste is also one of them. When this landfill includes food waste, the decay of it eliminates methane which is a greenhouse gas which is a primary contributor to global warming. When the same food waste is composted instead of thrown into landfills, these organic materials can be efficiently used in fields and gardens to produce natural foodstuff.
Landfills also eliminate lousy odor, when you compost the food materials, it absorbs it and also treats organic compounds. When compost is used in soils that are contaminated by pesticides and hydrocarbons, it can absorb these volatile compounds are make the ground better.
Water is a natural resource which should be used optimally for it to last long. When you use compost on your soil, the amount of water consumed by the plants is reduced, and hence you will need less water for the survival of plants. Moreover, compost also reduces diseases on the plants which mean a lesser use of pesticides and fertilizers. You can also expect more yield from the soil when you use compost.
Compost that is appropriately done contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the right quantity and hence is rich in nutrients and microorganisms. When you use them you are reducing the use of harmful fertilizers and chemicals on plants. Healthy soil means the plants you grow on them is also healthy and nutritious and chemical free which is the need of the hour. So instead of using costly fertilizers opt for composting at home which will not only save money, but you are eating balanced and healthy food.